Hello ACE Network!
Eventually I will expand this page to include other information as needed, but for now I am adding the resources for the monthly RSO meetings, for those of you who choose to present this information to your RSOs. If you have any requested topics, let me know. Some of you have asked who the other ACE’s are, so the list is here.
November 2022 – Flush Bottom Rail Requirement
A lot of questions have come up about this requirement recently, so I wrote a FAQ post about it and linked to some other resources. This requirement is found in the accessibility standards – both the ADA Standards for Accessible Design and ICC A117.1 – Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities. It is not a new requirement but recently there has been increased enforcement. The intent is for the flush, smooth surface at the bottom of the door on the push side to help prevent a cane, crutch, walker, or wheelchair footpad from catching on the door or on protruding hardware as someone is attempting to push the door open.
- Powerpoint Slides: Flush Bottom Rail (+iDH Tip: BHMA Resources)
- FAQs About Flush Bottom Rail Requirements
- Decoded: Flush Bottom Rails
- Flush Bottom Rail Alternative
- Extended Latch Guards
- QQ: Patch Fittings
- QQ: Automatic Door Bottoms
- WWYD? Flush Bottom Rail
- FF: Flush Bottom Rail
- 2010 ADA Standards – Door and Gate Surfaces
- 2010 ADA Guide – Door and Gate Surfaces
- 2017 ICC A117.1 Commentary – Door and Gate Surface
If you have any questions, let me know and I will post the answers here.
October 2022 – Controlled Egress Locks in Health Care
This is not a new topic but there are still many health care facility managers who do not know that controlled egress locks are an option for some types of units. Prior to the 2009 model codes, the most restrictive method that could be used to prevent elopement was delayed egress hardware, but this is not a great option for some types of units – like memory care. Beginning with the 2009 model codes, controlled egress locks have been allowed to prevent egress indefinitely, in health care units where patients require containment for their safety or security.
- Powerpoint Slides: Controlled Egress in Health Care (+iDH Tip: Infographic)
- Locksmith Ledger: Model Code Comparison – Controlled Egress Locking Systems
- FAQs about Controlled Egress Locks in Health Care Facilities
- Whiteboard Video – Decoded: Controlled Egress vs. Delayed Egress
- Master Class – Decoded: Delayed Egress and Controlled Egress Locking Systems
- Special Locking Arrangements Page – iDigHardware.com/SLA
- WWYD? Mechanical Controlled Egress
- Infographic – Delayed Egress or Controlled Egress?
- 2021 IBC – Controlled Egress Locks in Health Care
- 2021 NFPA 101 – Controlled Egress Locks in Health Care
September 2022 – Normal Locking Arrangements
This update might cause some eyes to glaze over, but for anyone who has run into problems with incorrect interpretations related to electrified hardware, this is important information. Many AHJs (and others) have tried to apply one of the code sections addressing special locking arrangements to doors with access control readers controlling ingress, and hardware that allows free egress. These systems are not special locking arrangements (SLA) – they are normal locking arrangements (NLA) – and they must comply with the same code requirements that apply to mechanical hardware. When an AHJ tries to apply one of the SLA sections to a door with NLA, they may ask for “extra” things like a push button beside the door, or hardware that is listed to UL 294. Some changes have been made to the 2021 IBC Commentary and the 2024 edition of the IBC, to help clarify the requirements for doors with normal locking arrangements.
- Powerpoint Slides: Normal Locking Arrangements (+iDH tip: SLA page)
- Decoded: Access Control Update
- What’s Next? Approved changes to the 2024 IBC affecting electrified hardware
- 2021 IBC Commentary on Egress Doors With Access Control
- UL 294 Clarification
- UL: Proper Application of UL Standards – UL 294 & 1034
- Special Locking Arrangements
- 2021 IBC Commentary – Normal Locking Arrangements
August 2022 – Classroom Door Safety and Security
Classroom security is obviously an important topic for us, and while securing classroom doors and other doors in schools, we have to make sure that the doors remain code-compliant. There have been some changes in the model codes over the last couple of editions, which I have linked below. In addition to the slides, there are links to just a few of the dozens (hundreds??) of articles and other resources that we have available on this topic. If you’re looking for something in particular, let me (Lori) know!
- Powerpoint Slides: Classroom Door Safety and Security (+iDH Tip: Schools Page)
- Today Show: “An exclusive look at new security measures to keep schools safe”
- NBC News Reports on Uvalde School’s Classroom Security
- School Security and Safety Page on iDigHardware
- Classroom Security Fact Sheet
- Classroom Door Magnets
- QQ: Fires vs. Active Shooters in Schools
- Partner Alliance for Safer Schools (PASS) – guidelines, position paper on barricade devices
- Builders Hardware Manufacturers Association – school security page
- School Liability and the Law of Unintended Consequences
- Infographic – A Key to Safe Classrooms (classroom lock functions pros and cons)
- Lock Function Conversion Kits (video)
- Webinar 1 Recording – Code Changes Affecting Classroom Security
- 2021 IBC – Locking arrangements in educational occupancies
- 2021 NFPA 101 – Locking of classroom doors and doors to other instructional spaces
July 2022 – Temperature Rise Fire Doors
There seems to be a lot of confusion about where temperature rise fire doors are required by code, and which buildings are exempt from the requirements. This month’s update explains what a temperature rise door is, the purpose of these fire doors, and introduces a new resource on iDigHardware – code summaries on various topics. I will be organizing these summaries on a page on the site once I have a few done. The next one is on fail safe vs. fail secure electrified hardware.
- Powerpoint Slides: Temperature Rise Fire Doors (+iDH Tip: Code Summaries)
- Decoded: Temperature Rise Doors
- Update – Temperature Rise Doors – WWYD?
- Spec Update: Temperature Rise Doors
- 2021 IBC – Temperature Rise Doors
June 2022 – FAQs About Low-Energy Automatic Operators
There is a recent post on iDigHardware that covers some of the FAQs related to low-energy automatic operators. These FAQ posts are being published in the ASHE newsletter each month. The post has links to a lot of good information about the requirements of the codes and standards related to automatic operators. I have included these questions and answers in the ACE update presentation, and some of the links to more info are below.
- Powerpoint Slides – FAQs About Low-Energy Automatic Operators (+iDH Tip: ShortCodes)
- FAQs About Low-Energy Automatic Operators
- Decoded: Actuators for Low-Energy Operators
- Decoded: New Requirements For Pedestrian Automatic Door Operators and Sensors
- Decoded: Auto Operators – Stand-by Power
- Touchless Fire Doors
- Decoded: Automatic Operators on Accessible Public Entrances
May 2022 – Fire Doors in Multifamily Buildings
Recent fires in multifamily buildings have drawn attention to the condition of existing fire doors and the impact a non-code-compliant fire door can have during a fire. Apartment fires are VERY common, and the fire door assembly required between the corridor and each dwelling unit plays critical role in the passive fire protection of a building. This month’s presentation doesn’t address a code change, but covers a very important topic when it comes to the safety of building occupants.
- Powerpoint Slides – Multifamily Fire Doors (+iDH Tip: NFPA Link)
- NFPA Link Page on iDigHardware
- Fire Door Page on iDigHardware
- Decoded: The importance of fire doors in residential occupancies
- Facility Executive: Fire Doors And Compliance In Multi-Family Facilities
- Residents in a panic do not close doors. Door closers close doors.
- Decoded: Fire Door Assembly Inspections in Multi-Unit Residential Buildings
- Door Closers are Life Savers
- WW: Another Apartment Fire – Another Outcome
April 2022 – Code Requirements for Electromagnetic Locks
There has been so much confusion regarding the code requirements for electromagnetic locks, and there is a lot of information available on iDigHardware to make sure everyone can get the answers they need. For this month’s code update, I covered the two common types of systems that include mag-locks, and there are links to a video, a Decoded article, and additional blog posts below.
- Powerpoint Slides – Codes for Electromagnetic Locks (+ iDH Tip: Decoded Course)
- Code Requirements for Electromagnetic Locks (video)
- Decoded: Code Requirements for Electromagnetic Locks
- Locksmith Ledger – Electromagnetic Locks: 7 Applications and the Codes that Apply
- Decoded: Special Locking Arrangements vs. Normal Locking Arrangements
- Guest Post: Electromagnetically locked egress doors: Safe or unsafe? – David Glorioso
- QQ: Auxiliary Push Button
- 2021 IBC – Sensor release and door hardware release sections
- 2021 NFPA 101 – Sensor release and door hardware release sections
March 2022 – FAQs on Fire Door Requirements for Health Care Facilities
This year I will be posting answers to some groups of FAQs that will be shared via the ASHE newsletter with health care facilities across the country. The materials I am posting this month cover some questions that come up regularly about fire door assemblies.
- Powerpoint Slides – FAQs on Fire Door Requirements for Health Care Facilities (+iDH Tip: Crash Course in Codes)
- Decoded: FAQs on Fire Door Requirements for Health Care Facilities
- Intro to Codes (video)
- QQ: Does every component of a fire door assembly have to be listed/labeled?
- Decoded: Double-Egress Pairs in a Health Care Occupancy
- Decoded: Alterations to Fire Door Assemblies
- QQ/WWYD? Excessive Clearance on Fire Doors
- Decoded: Less Bottom Rod Fire Exit Hardware
- WWYD? Fire Door Assembly Inspection
- Crash Course in Codes
February 2022 – Interlocks/Control Vestibules in a Means of Egress
I get tons of questions about interlocks and I wish I had better news to share. BHMA has proposed new sections for the last few editions of the model codes to address interlocks. These proposals have not been approved. This means that every interlock has to be submitted to the AHJ for approval, unless the state or local code includes provisions for interlocks (please send these to me if you see any). The article linked below includes some suggestions on safety considerations when designing an interlock for submission to the AHJ.
- Powerpoint Slides – Interlocks in a Means of Egress (+iDH tip: IBC Occupant Load Estimator)
- Decoded: Control Vestibules in a Means of Egress
- 2024 IBC Proposal for Control Vestibules – Disapproved
- IBC Occupant Load Estimator
An ACE asked for more info about what is allowed by the model codes for sallyports. First, sallyports are different from interlocks that allow free passage as long as both doors are not open at the same time. In a sallyport, both doors are always locked and even if you have the key or credential to unlock the doors you can only unlock one at a time. The IBC defines a sallyport as: A security vestibule with two or more doors or gates where the intended purpose is to prevent continuous and unobstructed passage by allowing the release of only one door or gate at a time.
The IBC only allows sallyports in Group I-3 (detention and correctional), and only where there is a procedure for emergency egress: 408.3.7 Sallyports. A sallyport shall be permitted in a means of egress where there are provisions for continuous and unobstructed passage through the sallyport during an emergency egress condition.
January 2022 – Elevator Lobby Exit Access Doors
In many existing buildings, elevator lobbies do not have direct access to a stairwell – building occupants must leave the lobby, potentially entering a tenant space, to access an exit stair. NFPA 101 includes a section addressing a way to secure these doors during normal operation, but the IBC does not currently include a similar section. Several cities and states have already modified the IBC in order to allow these doors to be locked with fail safe electrified locks, and the 2024 edition of the IBC will include new criteria for locking these doors. Although these requirements do not technically apply until the 2024 IBC is adopted in a project’s jurisdiction, the new section may be used to request a code modification from the AHJ.
- Powerpoint Slides – Elevator Lobby Exit Access Doors (+iDH tip: subscribe!)
- Code Update: Elevator Lobby Exit Access Doors
- QQ: Elevator Lobby Egress
- Decoded: Elevator Lobby Egress
- 2021 IBC – Elevator Lobby Means of Egress
- 2024 IBC – Approved proposal E56-21
- 2021 NFPA 101 – Elevator Lobby Exit Access Door Assemblies Locking
December 2021 – Stairwell Reentry
The requirements for stairwell reentry can be confusing – especially because the model codes vary on this topic. The intent is for building occupants to be able to leave a stairwell if it becomes compromised during a fire – through doors that are typically locked to prevent access to individual tenant floors. A change to the 2024 IBC will affect the release methods for doors allowing stairwell reentry.
- Powerpoint Slides – Stairwell Reentry (+iDH tip: Code Links)
- Code Update: Emergency Release Methods for Stairwell Reentry
- Decoded: Stairwell Reentry
- Stairwell Reentry Revisited
- Stairwell Reentry Update
- Decoded: Stairwell Reentry (video)
- iDigHardware – Codes by State
- Ask an AHJ – The Building Code Forum
- Illinois Library – Cook County Administration Building Fire
- 2021 IBC – Stairwell Reentry
- 2021 NFPA 101 – Stairwell Reentry
November 2021 – Roof Doors
Questions come up all the time about roof doors: Can you lock them on the roof side, preventing egress from the roof? Do you have to allow egress from the stairwell to the roof for helicopter rescues like you see in the movies? The requirements for roof doors have been clarified in the IBC and NFPA 101. These slides are related to roofs that are not normally occupied, such as roofs with mechanical equipment. For occupied roofs like roof-top restaurants and roof gardens, refer to the slides posted for June 2021 at the bottom of this page.
- Powerpoint Slides – Requirements for Roof Doors (+iDH tip: Videos page)
- Decoded: Update on Roof Doors
- QQ: Roof Doors
- Fatality Related to Roof Door
- Boston Back Bay Fire
- Fatal Fall From Roof
- Videos page: DigHardware.com/videos
- 2021 IBC – Roof Doors
- 2021 NFPA 101 – Roof Doors
October 2021 – Fire Door Changes
There have been a few recent changes affecting fire doors, involving extraneous labels, field preparations, and terminated stops on rated frames. Ask yourself these questions: a) If a fire door is labeled but is installed where a fire door assembly is not required, does the assembly have to be maintained per NFPA 80? b) What is the maximum hole size that can be drilled in a fire door in the field (hint: it’s not 1 inch!)? c) Are terminated stops allowed on fire door assemblies? These questions are answered in the slides and resources below.
- Powerpoint Slides – Fire Door Changes (+iDH tip: code reference guide)
- Decoded: Extraneous Labels on Fire Door Assemblies
- Decoded: Alterations to Fire Door Assemblies
- Code Update: Terminated Stops on Fire Door Assemblies
- Allegion Code Reference Guide – Updated
- 2021 NFPA 101 – Extraneous Labels on Fire Doors and Frames
- 2021 IBC – Terminated Stops on Fire Door Frames
- 2019 NFPA 80 – Job-Site Preparations on Fire Door Assemblies
September 2021 – Key-Operated Locks on Egress Doors
A lot of questions have been coming up about double-cylinder deadbolts, which ARE allowed on the main entrance/exit door(s) in certain locations. A change to the 2015 IBC caused a lot of confusion and has not been resolved yet – the word “exterior” was omitted and now people are asking for double-cylinder deadbolts on interior doors in various locations. BHMA has submitted a change for the 2024 IBC that will hopefully clarify the intent. Until the IBC is changed, it’s really important for the RSOs to understand where key-operated locks can be used – and where they shouldn’t.
- Powerpoint Slides – Key-Operated Locks (+iDH tip: iDH webinars)
- Decoded: Key-Operated Locks
- 2021 IBC – Key-Operated Locks
August 2021 – Door Opening Force and Operable Force for Hardware
In the 2010 edition of the ADA standards, a limit of 5 pounds of force for operable hardware was introduced via an editorial change. This is not the type of change that would typically be made as an editorial change – those changes are usually used to correct typos or other errors. The 5-pound limit on operable force is in conflict with the requirements of some other codes and standards. The 2017 edition of A117.1 was changed to include limits of 15 pounds for hardware operated with a pushing/pulling motion (like panic hardware) or 28 inch-pounds of rotational motion (for a lever). These limits have now been included in the 2021 IBC, and the requirements addressing opening force for doors have been separated from the allowable forces for operable hardware. It’s unclear what will happen with the conflict between the IBC/A117.1 and the ADA standards, but it’s something to watch out for in case the ADA limit is enforced.
- Powerpoint Slides – Opening Force vs. Operable Force (+ iDH tip: ADA Guide)
- Decoded: Opening Force vs. Operable Force
- 2021 IBC – Opening Force and Operable Force
July 2021 – Automatic Operators on Public Entrances
When the 2021 IBC is adopted in a project’s jurisdiction, the code will require automatic operators to be installed on at least one door or one set of doors (exterior and vestibule) at each public entrance in some buildings, based on the occupancy type and occupant load. Previously, the codes and standards did not require automatic operators in specific locations, although they were sometimes installed to bring a non-code-compliant door into compliance.
- Powerpoint Slides – Automatic Operators on Public Entrances (+ iDH tip – Techstreet access)
- Decoded: Automatic Operators on Accessible Public Entrances
- 2021 IBC – Accessible Entrances
- A question came up on whether this would apply to existing buildings, and typically it would not, although a local jurisdiction could decide to apply it retroactively. Normally, the building code that is applicable to a particular building is the code that had been adopted when the building permit was issued. So in most jurisdictions, this change will not apply until the 2021 IBC is adopted in that location, and a building permit is issued for a new building. The 2021 IBC could also apply to renovations and alterations that are permitted after the 2021 IBC is adopted, but it would be up to the local AHJ whether some or all of the public entrances would need auto operators. Here is a blog post about how to know which code to reference: Which code, when, and where?
June 2021 – Egress from Exterior Spaces
There is a new section in the 2021 IBC which addresses locking egress doors that serve exterior spaces where the means of egress leads through the interior of the building. For example, doors serving roof-top restaurants and enclosed courtyards in schools can be locked on the exterior if certain criteria are met. This new section applies once the 2021 IBC is adopted in a project’s jurisdiction, but could be used to request a code modification prior to adoption.
- Powerpoint Slides – Egress from Exterior Spaces (+ iDH tip: Decoded Articles)
- Decoded: Egress From Exterior Spaces
- 2021 IBC – Egress From Exterior Spaces
- The iDH tip for June was how to use the Articles page (https://idighardware.com/articles/) which has more than 100 articles from my Decoded column. I have been writing this column since 2010, so almost all door-related code requirements are covered by these articles. To find one (here’s the tip), go to the articles page and hit ctrl-f and then start typing something – like flush for flush bolts or clear for clear opening width. If the first article that pops up is not the one you’re looking for, hit enter to go to the next match.
- A question came up about whether the panic hardware would still be required if the door was serving an assembly occupancy, and this is not clear in the code. My understanding is that the key-operated lock would be an alternative to the panic hardware, similar to the key-operated locks on main entrance doors to buildings. Here is a blog post with more info: QQ: Panic Hardware Exception.