The increased enforcement of the inspection requirements for fire door assemblies has brought some pretty intense scrutiny upon the various components. In some cases we’re finding that NFPA 80 and the model codes don’t currently address the fine details of how these assemblies are tested and constructed.
I was recently contacted by a facility that had been cited because of open holes in their labeled frames…
Are open slots allowed in the frame head when the frame is welded?
The slots in question are the ones that are used when a KD (knocked down or knock down) frame is field-assembled. Tabs attached to the jabs fit through slots in the head, to attach the 3-sided-frame components together. When the frame is welded, most installation instructions call for the tabs to be bent or broken off – they are not inserted through the slots. This video from Steelcraft shows the tabs being removed (0:52) and the empty slot is visible after the frame is welded (5:08).
This leaves small narrow slots in the top of the frame head that are barely noticeable, but one of the inspection criteria of NFPA 80 is, ” No open holes or breaks exist in surfaces of either the door or frame.” It’s not surprising that fire door inspectors may list these open slots as deficiencies during a fire door inspection.
When a listing lab certifies a component of a fire door assembly, the installation instructions are part of that listing. If the instructions call for the tabs to be broken off during the welding process, and do not require the resulting open slots to be filled, the listing lab is allowing the open slots to remain (I confirmed this with UL). This creates a conflict between what is allowed by the frame manufacturer’s listings and what is required by NFPA 80. I would defer to the listings, as the frames have been successfully tested this way.
Have you run into this situation? How was it addressed?
Graphic: Steel Door Institute (SDI)