Back in March, I posted a code change proposal regarding classroom security that will be included in the 2018 International Building Code (IBC). This change will affect new buildings, additions, and renovations once a jurisdiction has adopted the 2018 edition of the IBC. Granted, it will be several years before this code is widely used, but the hope is that jurisdictions will adopt the new code language regarding classroom security prior to adoption of the entire code, rather than creating different requirements for each state.
Since the IBC doesn’t typically apply to existing buildings, it was very important to incorporate similar language into the International Fire Code (IFC), for a consistent approach across new and existing schools. A proposal was submitted by the Fire Code Action Committee, and the change was “approved as submitted” at the Committee Action Hearings in April. Until the July 22nd deadline, public comments could be made regarding any of the proposed changes to the IBC – these comments will be discussed at the next set of hearings.
The public comments were posted last week, and because there were no comments on the classroom security proposal there will be no discussion of this change at the final hearings. That means that this change will be incorporated into the 2018 IFC:
1031.2.2 Locking arrangements in educational occupancies. In Group E occupancies, Group B educational occupancies and Group I-4 child day care occupancies, egress doors from classrooms, offices and other occupied rooms shall be permitted to be provided with locking arrangements designed to keep intruders from entering the room where all of the following conditions are met:
1. The door shall be capable of being unlocked from outside the room with a key or other approved means.
2. The door shall be openable from within the room in accordance with Section 1010.1.9.
3. Modifications shall not be made to existing listed panic hardware, fire door hardware or door closers.
4. Modifications to fire door assemblies shall be in accordance with NFPA 80.
Similar to the IBC requirements, the key points in this code change are:
- This language applies to K-12 schools, colleges and universities, and I-4 child care facilities.
- The locking requirements apply to classrooms and also to offices and other occupied rooms.
- If the rooms are lockable, they must be able to be unlocked from the outside.
- Locks are not required by code, but if locks are used, the doors have to meet the requirements for egress – one operation to unlatch, no key/tool/special knowledge/effort, no tight grasping/pinching/twisting, etc.
- Listed panic hardware, fire door hardware, and door closers may not be modified.
- If the doors are fire doors, modifications must meet the requirements of NFPA 80.
Many states have adopted the IFC as their state fire code (often with state modifications). The classroom security change that will be included in the 2018 IFC is consistent with the IBC, and early adoption of this language would go a long way toward maintaining life safety and creating a uniform set of requirements across the United States. If the AHJs in your state are considering this issue, please let me know.